Turkey

913

Ephesus

When Otto Benndorf presented his excavation project plans to the Ministry of Culture in 1893, he calculated that Ephesus could be uncovered in about five years. What followed has been the largest archaeological enterprise carried out on Turkish soil, 115 years of excavation.

915

Laodicea

Laodicea is well sited on a high plateau and surrounded by the rivers Lycos, Kapros and Asopos. Little wonder the city has an ancient history: our excavations in the area have revealed architecture, pottery, obsidian and flint stone finds dating back to the 4th millennium BC.

916

Catalhöyük

The site has become famous partly for its large size (about 5,000-8,000 people lived there) and long occupation (the site is Neolithic and Chalcolithic and dates from 7400 BC to 5500 BC). It is also famous because of the crowding of its houses. There were no streets, instead people moved around the settlement on the roofs and entered the houses by ladders.

917

Troy

From one iconic archaeological site to another, we end this round-up at Troy, on the western coast of Turkey. The site was more or less continuously inhabited from about 3000-500 BC, with a small village surviving into the Middle Ages. It is the location of the legendary city of Ilion, also known as Troy in the Iliad, the epic poem attributed to Homer, one of the oldest works of literature in Europe.

914

Metropolis

In his writings, Strabo explains that the city of Metropolis is 120 stadia from Ephesus – and indeed it lies about 35km north of Ephesus on the western coast of Turkey. Though much less well known than Ephesus, Metropolis deserves a place on any discerning visitor’s itinerary.

920

Olba Territorium

Between the Mediterranean and the Taurus Mountains, the Olba region of Southern Turkey is rich with archaeology. Ümit Aydinog˘lu takes us on a tour from coast to inland.

921

Arycanda

With its magnificent archaeology, panoramic views, and blissful natural setting, Arycanda is one of Southwest Turkey’s must-see sites, as Ays’egül Gürgezog˘ lu explains.

785

Ziyaret Tepe

What was life like on the northern frontier of the assyrian empire?The colonial site of Ziyaret Tepe reveals how boom went bust

701

Flying the Aegean

David Kennedy powers up in a microlight plane to take us for a scenic trip over one particularly stunning Classical site sitting on the Aegean coast

680

Sagalassos

Three giant (5m) statues of Antonine dynasty emperors found in baths complex

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