Issue 39

Travel: Hadrian MCM

CWA 39

Between Mycenaean Greece and Classical Greece there is a ‘Dark Age’ during which civilization appears to have collapsed and little is known. But now, at Lefkandi on the Aegean island of Euboea, a site has been found that bridges this dark gap. What have they found? The answers are revealed thanks to a major exploration […]



The Greek Dark Ages are no longer dark: the excavations at Lefkandi on the island of Euboea, led by Irene Lemos, have brought them into the light.

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Lost Tombs of Thebes

The Valley of the Nobles, just east of the Valley of the Kings, contains
some of the most spectacular ancient Egyptian tombs. However, most remain unknown to the general public. Now, Egypt’s leading archaeologist, Zahi Hawass, has initiated major investigations, as illustrated in his splendid new book The Lost Tombs of Thebes, from which edited extracts follow.



From the 14th century AD the city of Timbuktu, in West Africa, became legendary for the wealth it offered merchants crossing the Sahara. However, as Sam Nixon explains, before Timbuktu came Tadmakka.


Neolithic, Grim Feast Found

Feasting of a different kind was the subject of a paper in the latest issue of Antiquity ( reporting the evidence of mass cannibalism at a Neolithic site near Herxheim in Germany. In the measured language of academic journal publication, the authors – Bruno Boulestin, Andrea Zeeb-Lanz, Christian Jeunesse, Fabian Haack, Rose-Marie Arbogast and Anthony […]


Portus’ Pantheon

To the south west of Rome, at the mouth of the Tiber, archaeologists from Southampton University and the British School at Rome have been excavating at Portus, the huge Roman port (twice the size of Southampton’s modern harbour). It was through this port that Rome’s luxury goods and essential grain supplies were imported from all […]


Genetic Research

Chinese people say that many Americans and Europeans have a distinctive odour. If you ask ‘what do they smell like’, some say ‘like a baby’, and others ‘of milk’. Now, says Professor Mark Thomas, of University College London, it is that ability to digest raw milk that not only makes Europeans different from lactose-intolerant Asians, […]


Steel Manufacture, America’s Metal

The first ever excavation of a cementation steel furnace in America – in Trenton, New Jersey – is throwing new light America’s growing self-sufficiency as a manufacturing nation. Dating from between 1745 and 1750, this is one of fewer than 20 such furnaces known to have been built in 18th century North America to turn […]


Digging Deeper

In Brian Fagan’s latest instalment of all things archaeological that are both exotic and entertaining he worships Maya macaws, reveals the oldest evidence for humans in America, and gets dirty with Maya farmers.


World’s Oldest Cloth

The invention of clothing and textiles ranks, along with the development of agriculture, cooking and ceramics, as one of the keystone events in the development of human culture, an echo of which is found in the biblical account of Adam and Eve, whose loss of innocence and shame at being naked betrays the fact that […]

Tomb of the Shroud: Latest News

The DNA of a man who died between 1 and 50 AD, and who was buried in a tomb on the edge of the Old City of Jerusalem, has revealed that he suffered from leprosy – the earliest proven case of the disease. In addition, the shroud in which the leprosy sufferer was buried provides […]


Nero, Digging with

Archaeologists excavating Nero’s Domus Aurea (Golden House, so-called because of its original gold-leaf interior) have found the foundations of what they believe to be the chief banqueting room described by Nero’s biographer, Suetonius, who said it was ‘circular and revolved perpetually, night and day, in imitation of the motion of the celestial bodies’. Suetonius also […]

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