Issue 43


On Hannibal’s Trail

We have all heard of Hannibal. The general who crossed the Alps with his elephants and nearly brought Rome to its knees is Carthage’s most famous son. Determined to take on his country’s greatest foe, Hannibal led a multicultural army over two mountain chains, and despite being permanently outnumbered, meted out crippling defeats to Rome […]


Postcard from Chicago

Chicago is a very European city. With the wind whipping up Lake Michigan, it feels like Geneva on an autumnal day until you look back to the forest of extraordinary skyscrapers that make up the heart of this city. More European still are the elegantly tended flower beds that line the main streets, and belong […]


The Roman Forum

This is one of the most delectable anti-archaeology books I have read for a long time. The author is the Emeritus Professor of the History of Architecture at Cambridge – and he doesn’t like archaeologists. The Forum at Rome is one of the monuments of antiquity that has suffered most at the hands of archaeologists, […]


The Diamond Sutra: The Storyof the World’s Earliest DatedPrinted Book

Most people think the Gutenberg Bible, printed in Latin in Germany c.1455, is the world’s earliest printed book. It is certainly the world’s earliest book printed with movable metal type, and the progenitor of the printing revolution in Europe. However, the honour of being the earliest printed book goes to a Buddhist text, known in […]


Celtic from the West

This work is the opening salvo from a new flagship project aimed at re-defining the concept and identity of Europe’s prehistoric Celts. The initiative, led by the two editors (and other contributors to this volume), draws together fascinating theories about origins, identity and culture for Later Prehistoric Europe that have been developing in various academic […]


Death on the Nile

Ancient Egyptians believed death was survivable. Far from resting in peace, their demise catapulted them into a disorientating netherworld roamed by gods and demons. This marked the beginning of a new and dangerous journey. The ultimate goal was to enter the realm of the gods; but to reach this a spirit needed to negotiate the […]


Rosetta Stone

How did a slab of black granite become the key to deciphering hieroglyphs

1 2