Issue 40

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Arles, Underwater Finds

Former chief archaeological advisor to English Heritage David Miles travels to Arles in Southern France. There, he pays homage to a new exhibition featuring Caesar’s head and an array of other finds dredged from ‘la plus grande poubelle’ – AKA the Rhône at Arles.

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Siracusa, Sicily

Beneath the glorious Sicilian coastal city of Siracusa lies a vast underground world, as Michael Metcalfe reveals.

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Roman Iberia: Economies, society and culture

What happens when a ‘superior’ civilization impacts upon an ‘inferior’ one? A test bed for such questions is Iron Age Iberia – modern Spain – where the native Iberians were impacted on, first by the Phoenicians, then by the Greeks, and finally and most decisively, by the Romans. How far did the impact take the […]

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Indo-Roman Trade: from pots to pepper

Civilization cannot exist without spoken language, but it can without written communication. The Greek poetry of Homer was at first transmitted orally, stored in the memory, as were the Vedas, the Sanskrit hymns of the ancient Hindus, which were unwritten for centuries. The South American empire of the Incas managed its administration without writing. As […]

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Colonial Encounters in Ancient Iberia: Phoenician, Greek and Indigenous Relations

  What happens when a ‘superior’ civilization impacts upon an ‘inferior’ one? A test bed for such questions is Iron Age Iberia – modern Spain – where the native Iberians were impacted on, first by the Phoenicians, then by the Greeks, and finally and most decisively, by the Romans. How far did the impact take […]

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Vindolanda Tablets

In Spring 1973, Robin Birley made the greatest discovery of his life: a small, thin fragment of wood which unfolded to reveal ink-marks…

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