Category: Issue 38

We think of chemical weapons as one of the horrifying features of modern warfare. We might assume that it all started with the First World War. But did it?
Our cover feature investigates the gruesome evidence of a stack of bodies discovered inside a siege tunnel at the ancient Syrian frontier city of Dura-Europos. How did they come to be here? Using ‘CSI’ techniques, Simon James’ stunning conclusion is that around 20 Roman soldiers were gassed to death by their Persian enemies. Turn to page 20 for the full and unexpected story of Romans versus Persians.
From the terrifying we then move to the sublime with an article on the archaeology of the beatific Caribbean island of Carriacou. The excavators describe it as an


Crete, the Island that Tipped

Crete lies in an earthquake zone. This has affected the island over the centuries, but how? In the 1850’s Captain Spratt, RN, worked it out


Terracotta Army

archaeologists conducting excavations at the site in Xian are hoping to ascertain the success of conservation measures


Staffordshire Hoard

An Anglo-Saxon hoard containg over 1,346 gold and silver items has been discovered by a metal detectorist in Staffordshire, England

Digging Deeper

In Brian Fagan’s latest instalment he fights to the death with the Maya, goes underground with the Fed, and excavates Cecil B DeMile (almost)


The Art of Kate Whiteford

To say Kate Whiteford, the Scottish artist, is fascinated by archaeology is an understatement. Land drawings/ installations/excavations, her newly published, and sumptuously illustrated book, which describes much of her career as an artist, is essentially a peon to the belief in place-making. Central to this, in Kate’s view, is the process of archaeological enquiry, including […]


Baia, the Underworld

Just west of the entrance to the underworld, lies the site of Baia. Mike Cless takes us there, tells of a divine discovery, then ventures underground

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