One of the original 12 sites to be added to the World Heritage list, Lalibela is one of the most important pilgrimage places of Ethiopian Orthodox Christianity and famed for its 11 Medieval churches, all of which are hewn into the rock. These exceptional buildings are said to have been built during the 25 year reign of King Lalibela – with more than a little help from the angels. But archaeologists question miracles; and here, David Phillipson, Professor of African Archaeology at Cambridge, introduces us to the wonders of Lalibela and offers a new interpretation of its chronology and creation.
Celebrating World Heritage
One of the seven wonders of the ancient world, the Pyramids have fascinated and baffled visitors for centuries, the difficulty of their construction seemingly at odds with their great age. Now the former Secretary General of the Supreme Council of Antiquities, Zahi Hawass, shares his memories of working with these magnificent monuments when he was the Director General of the Giza Pyramids, Saqqara, Heliopolis, and the Bahariya Oasis for 15 eventful years between 1987 and 2002.
One of South-East Asia’s most celebrated archaeological sites and one of the great marvels of the world, Angkor Wat appeared in the very first issue of CWA, as well as in #5 and, most recently, #50. Stretching over 400km², the surrounding archaeological park includes the various capitals of the Khmer Empire, from the 9th-15th century, as well as the famous temple of Angkor Thom. But when exploration began in the 18th and 19th centuries, it was quickly obvious that there was strong Indian influence. What can new research tell us about Angkor’s origins?
The Tairona, a little-known but hugely sophisticated society, thrived in the Santa Marta mountains – until the devastating arrival of the Spanish in the 16th century. Forgotten for centuries, the city lay hidden in the rainforest until just 25 years ago. What has recent research uncovered about Colombia’s ‘Lost City’? Find out in the next issue of CWA.