CWA78 coverIn February 1221, the Mongols unleashed one of the most devastating attacks on the medieval world. Led by Genghis Khan’s son, Tolui, they sacked the great Silk Route city of Merv, in modern-day Turkmenistan, laying waste to anything they could not carry away, and slaughtering tens of thousands. As one contemporary author put it, this was a ‘great disaster, the like of which neither day or night had brought forth before’. Yet in wiping Merv from history, its attackers unwittingly preserved it for archaeology. Site-director Tim Williams takes us deep into the once-mighty site to tell its story and reveal the latest discoveries.

Egypt’s Amarna is a city that was also unwittingly preserved, almost as a ‘time capsule’. Founded in the 1340s BC in honour of the sun god by the ‘heretic’ king Akhenaten (husband of Nefertiti and possible father of Tutankhamen), it was promptly abandoned shortly after his death, and is today the best survival of an ancient Egyptian settlement. But what was life like for Akhenaten’s people? With two non-elite cemeteries under excavation, the results are often shocking.

Thereafter, archaeological treasures tumble forth in our feature on the Maya. It is 50 years since the great Maya scholar Michael Coe released his now-classic introduction to this culture. In the intervening time, huge advances have been made including the cracking of their code, and the scanning of vast areas, as David Miles explores.

From the heat of Mesoamerica, we plunge into the Arctic. As global temperatures and sea levels rise, its previously deep-frozen archaeology is under threat. The race is on to record and save its melting history, as David Millar explains.

Our last feature concerns an almost invisible sort of archaeology. Turn to p.44 to read about the conclusion of the CWA-backed Great Arab Revolt Project. Finally, the travel section takes us to the Mediterranean delights of Malta, Gozo, and Sicily. Good reading!

IN THIS ISSUE

FEATURES

EGYPT: Akhenaten’s people Excavating the lost cemeteries of Amarna

TURKMENISTAN: Merv Discovering the great Silk Route city

MESOAMERICA: The Maya All the greatest archaeological discoveries explored

ALASKA, CANADA & GREENLAND: Arctic archaeology The race to preserve its heritage

JORDAN: Lawrence of Arabia’s war The final chapter of the Great Arab Revolt Project

NEWS

World’s oldest polished axe

Neolithic massacre uncovered

Scanning Europe’s highest art

Chinese beer bombshell

Monumental find from Petra

Earliest Arabians

SPECIAL REPORT

The war in Yemen and the destruction of its heritage

CHARLES HIGHAM

Considering drones and DNA

TRAVEL

MALTA  Richard Hodges discovers Malta’s rich archaeology

GOZO  From Malta, Nadia Durrani catches the ferry to glorious Gozo

SICILY  Sharon Sharpe concludes our Mediterranean jaunt on Persephone’s island

CULTURE

REVIEWS

Brian Fagan considers Samuel J Redman’s Bone Rooms 

plus reviews of:

The Course of Landscape Architecture by Christophe Girot

The Archaeology of Urbanism in Ancient Egypt by Nadine Moeller

The Archaeology of Prehistoric Arabia by Peter Magee

Ancient Civilizations (4th edition) by Chris Scarre and Brian M Fagan

CHRIS CATLING

Walking, moving, fighting – plus Hannibal in motion

FORUM

THINKING ALOUD

Neil Faulkner slices through time in Pittsburgh

OBJECT LESSON

The Lion of Knidos in the British Museum’s Great Court