CWA-cover-smallThe exotic Lady of Pacopampa and the recently discovered Serpent-Jaguar Priests were high ranking members of the Pacopampa ceremonial complex in the northern highlands of Peru. They were buried with luxury grave goods during highly ritualistic ceremonies, in prominent locations that ensured they would be remembered and revered long after death. These amazing finds, however, are out of kilter with the widely held view that this was a broadly egalitarian society, suggesting instead the emergence of a rigidly structured hierarchy ruled by a powerful and hugely wealthy elite.

Farming came comparatively late to the northern plains of North America. Archaeologists investigating the Mitchell Palaeolithic Indian Village in South Dakota have uncovered the first attempts by pioneer farmers to cultivate maize, a crop that has since come to dominate the region.

The first human migrations out of Africa crossed Arabia. But what remains of those early adventurers? Now, the Palaeodesert Project is exploring this long-neglected area, and uncovering an abundance of material that points to several waves of early hominin incursions across this vast and hostile space, before the eventual success of our own ancestors.

Santiago, one of the Cape Verde islands, lies on a major crossroads for the trans-Atlantic trade route. What remains of those wealthy times, when the capital city Cidade Velha played host to slavers and sailors?

In the early decades of the 20th century, Sir Leonard Woolley excavated the ancient city of Ur in Iraq, uncovering a wealth of treasures, which he documented in thousands of photographs. Now, the Ur Project, a collaboration between three museums – British, Penn, and Iraq – is digitising the archive, to create an invaluable resource that will be freely available to us all.

In this issue:

FEATURES

PERU: Pacopampa
Discovering class, kinship, and power in Peru 3,000 years ago

USA: Mitchell Prehistoric Indian Village
Finding the early farmers on the northern plains of North America

SAUDI ARABIA: First Arabians
Revealing the Stone Age prehistory of Saudi Arabia

CAPE VERDE: A Place of Arrivals
Forging a nation’s identity at Cidade Velha

IRAQ: The Ur Project
The ancient city of Ur brought to life for the digital age

NEWS

– Ancient shipwreck capital of the world
– Roman hoard in mint condition
– Neolithic war trophies
– Virtual fossil
– Wood in a treeless landscape
– Beans first
– Millet missing link
– Undisturbed Etruscan tomb
– Pre-modern humans
– Tuscan amphitheatre
– Caesar’s Gallic war
– Jerusalem fortress found

SPECIAL REPORT
Tracking stolen goods

NEWS FOCUS
Revisiting the dead of Pompeii at Porta Nola

CHARLES HIGHAM
Shanghai celebrations

TRAVEL

MEXICO
Alice Stevens ventures deep into the Mexican jungle where the Mayan temple Calakmul rises from the canopy

EUROPE
Richard Hodges travels from Vigo to San Vincenzo al Volturno, via Tintagel

ALBANIA
Exploring the Illyrian city of Antigonea

CULTURE

MUSEUM
Beyond Beauty: transforming the body in Ancient Egypt at Two Temple Place

REVIEWS
Brian Fagan reviews Young Lawrence: a portrait of the legend as a young man – plus the latest book reviews.

CHRIS CATLING
Religious rip-offs and Bede’s skull

FORUM
Letters, crossword, cartoon

THINKING ALOUD
Invisible in plain view?

OBJECT LESSON
Nayarit house model