Gigantism is caused by a malfunctioning pituitary gland releasing too much growth hormone, and affects three in one million people today. It is rare in the archaeological record, with partial remains from Poland and Egypt previously identified as two possible cases. New analysis of the Roman skeleton, led by Simona Minozzi of the University of Pisa, has revealed skull damage consistent with a pituitary tumour.
This article was published in World Archaeology Issue 57. Click here to subscribe