Peshawar at the entrance to the Khyber Pass is host to the site of Gor Khuttree which is arguable the deepest dig in the world. The site has a wide reaching history and it has been suggested that it was once the repository of Buddha’s begging bowl; before going through subsequent incarnations as a Buddhist monastery, Sikh mosque and Hindu temple. Current excavations take a holistic view of the site and are trying to explain the nature of the various levels of occupation, which range from the time of the Mauryan Emperor Ashoka, to the British colonial period. It is hoped that after this work is completed the site will become a World Heritage Monument.
The finest remains come from the Kushan period, here the cleanly excavated diaper masonry can be see.
The Moghul dynasty bowl shows the early mastery of glaze work on the ceramics, coupled with this there was evidence of the early development of glass working techniques.
As a neighbouring country to Egypt, home of one of the most inspiring and oldest civilisation in the world, the Sudan has been archaeologically overlooked to a certain extent. However, the modern city of Dangeil is home to one to an outstanding example of a late Kushite era city including the remains of a temple to the god Amun. With the help of archaeobotanical studies and stratigraphic analysis the current study is hoping to reveal the cause of the violent collapse of this civilisation in the 4th century BC and hence give this civilisation its due recognition.
The similarities with the Ancient Egyptian cultures are striking, one need only look to their style of relief carving for evidence.
What was the role of the moulds for 77,000 loaves of bread that have been recovered from Dangeil?
A desirable, colourless glass found at Raqqa exhibits the typical Islamic neck style.
A 16th century map of Iceland, most of the international trade took place along the north west coastline – to avoid the sea monsters which inhabited the other bays perhaps?