One of the sites that he deals with is Tiwanaku in South America, on the borders of southern Peru and north Bolivia, and on the border of Lake Titicaca. Here, rather surprisingly, a powerful civilisation flourished between AD 500 to 900: its power stretched far and wide in South America, before all was swept away by the Incas. It arose in what is essentially rather poor agricultural land, at an altitude of over 10,000 feet, and it invented an ingenious agricultural system which preserved the heat of the day to combat the freezing temperatures at night. The same civilisation, is also dealt with by Charles Stanish in an academic tome, Ancient Titicaca: the evolution of complex society in southern Peru and northern Bolivia (California U P); but this is more concerned with theory than with comprehensibility.
This article is an extract from the full article published in World Archaeology Issue 3. Click here to subscribe